Tips - APC Back-IPS ES 400/550/700 - beeping continuosly

I was installing an APC Back-IPS ES 400/550/700 but it was beeping continuosly.

To fix issue I found relative .PDF Manual

It was necessary to connect the black wire to the negative (-) battery terminal.

Have fun ;)



Server – How to execute Active Directory Health checks

I created a new blog article translating old article:

https://www.alessandromazzanti.com/2012/09/server-effettuare-il-test-di-ad.html

It mainly refer to old 2003/2008 Server but it has some interesting information that could  be still useful for someone.

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Microsoft Active Directory Topology Diagrammer (ADTD)

Active Directory Topology Diagrammer tool read Active Directory structure utilizing LDAP. Visio diagram created may include domains, sites, OU, DFS-R, administrative groups and so on.
  • You must install  “ADTD.Net Setup.msi” here . 
  • Install and Execute “ADTD.exe”. That permit you gathering all domain/Forest information.
  • Here it is relative screenshot:

2008 Server AD e DNS Best Practice Analyzer

  • This tool is already included in Windows 2008 Server R2.
  • Server Manager > Roles > Active Directory Domain Services > Scroll down to find ‘Best Practices Analyzer’ and click ‘Scan This Role’ 
  • DNS Server BPA is located in Server Manager > Roles > DNS Server > Scroll down to find ‘Best Practices Analyzer’ and click ‘Scan This Role’.
  • Using CLI commands (be aware that pipe | permit you save commands output to text file)
    REMARK 1/2
    : be aware that on previously 2008 server versions Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack (Adminpak) is necessary (Download link
    )
    REMARK 2/2
    : you might execute this script Active Directory Health Check script from thesysadmins

    Find System Boot Time and Uptime:

    systeminfo | find “System Boot Time:”

    systeminfo | find “System Up Time:”

    Analyze the state of domain controllers in a forest:

    dcdiag /a

    Provide an overview of any replication failures, and if last replication attempts were successful:

    repadmin /replsummary
    repadmin / showrepl

    Returns the FSMO roles holders:

    netdom query fsmo

  1. Check opened firewall ports

  • Windows Firewall: Inbound ports - UDP/TCP 53, 88, 389, 464; UDP 123, 137; TCP 139, 445, 3268
    Fig. Domain Controller Inbound ports

File Replication Service Diagnostics Tool (FRSDiag.exe)



FRSDIAG tool (download link) provides a graphical interface helping you to find and resolve problems related to File Replication Service (FRS)

Security - Chrome automatically delete history Extention - History Cleaning

Internet is an important opportunity but it is surely used to collect data, track usage and advertise users based on their tastes, web sites visited and cookies as well.

Taking note about this considerations I was searching about automatically history deletion when chrome is going to be closed.

Unfortunately Chrome does not support this feature as officially indicated here.

https://support.google.com/chrome/thread/2125707?hl=en

Workaround is reached using History Cleaning Extension that permit to choose precisely what must be deleted at browser shutting down.

https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/history-eraser/gjieilkfnnjoihjjonajndjldjoagffm

https://www.hotcleaner.com/history-eraser-chrome-extension-app.html


USB - Usb deview Tool

It might happen that an USB device is no longer recognized and driver reinstall procedure end with error.

There is an interesting tool, in my experience, that permit you to clean any driver reference  and permitting you to start a clean driver installation.

Tool name is USBDeview provided by Nirsoft

https://www.nirsoft.net/utils/usb_devices_view.html

Other tool features are:

  • All USB devices that are and was connected/used on your device are show with full  devices information.
  • USB devices uninstallation, disconnection and driver cleanup (both used and old connected devices as well)

Here they are two blog articles that mentioned USBDeview.

Tips - Problema Windows 7 64 Bit vs HUAWEI E172

https://www.alessandromazzanti.com/2013/05/tips-problema-windows-7-64-bit-vs.html

Manutenzione - Programmi utili da Hiren's Boot CD

https://www.alessandromazzanti.com/2013/01/manutenzione-programmi-utili-da-hirens.html

Antivirus - cacaoweb.exe and removal procedure

During these time period we noted (through network checks/tools) on single client several bandwidtch usage.

We checked client device physically and we found that these process was using several network resources.

Antivirus was unable to locate it but searching on internet this .exe was cathegorazied as malware/adware

cacaoweb.exe

more details are indicated at below link:



Removal was done Installing, running and cleaning with AdwCleaner


Consider that similar solution was already mentioned through these old blog articles.


Antivirus - How To restore Internet connection after Virus/malware action - AdwCleaner




Tips - Rimuovere Iminent

https://www.alessandromazzanti.com/2013/06/tips-rimuovere-iminent.html


Backup - Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows/Linux 3.0

During previously years I already wrote some blogs posts about Veeam Agent for Windows/Linux.

Veeam - Veeam Endpoint Backup Free - Free version released
Backup - Veeam Backup for free v.2.0 for Client/Laptop

It is a very interesting backup software that permit to schedule bare metal backups for physical clients and Servers.
Backups can be done to external Hard Drives, NAS, shares, cloud or to Veeam B&R repositories.

There are 3 versions (Windows Product Edition Comparison - Linux Product Edition Comparison):

  1. Free. (no VSS, limitations about scheduling &Targets repositories, retention, Veeam B&R integration and technical support)
  2. Workstation. (no VSS, limitations about scheduling, retention, B&R integration)
  3. Server: that permit centralized Endpoint backup managements from Veeam B&R console (excellent feature)


Here they are some applicative aspects with relative hyperlinks:

  • Backup & Restore features.
  • Bare-metal restore & Bootable recovery media creation.
  • Backups with passwords.
  • Additional features:
    • Password Reset about built-in Administrator account.
    • Startup repair.
    • Memory diagnostics.
Here it is Veeam Agent For Microsoft Windows Datasheet for which I highlight some interesting features:


TIPS - rotated drives with Veeam Agent Windows - Free mode

Latter part of this article is dedicated to feature that is available with free edition:

Backup on rotated drives is performed in the following way:

1. Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows creates a backup chain on an external drive that you use as a backup target. The backup chain consists of the first full backup and a set of subsequent incremental backups.

2. When you swap drives and attach a new external drive, Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows creates a separate backup chain on the new drive.


3. After you swap drives again, Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows detects if there is a backup chain on the currently attached drive. If the backup chain exists, Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows continues the existing chain: it creates a new incremental backup file and adds it to the existing backup files."

Here it is Veeam article and few screenshots for configuration:







[APPENDIX]

Here it is an interesting Veeam Article that explains differences between Synthetic vs Full backup

https://helpcenter.veeam.com/archive/backup/95/vsphere/synthetic_full_backup.html

"In free mode you can create only a single scheduling but you can use rotated drives as a target location for backups. This scenario can be helpful if you want to store backups on several external hard drives (for example, USB or FireWire) and plan to swap these drives between different locations regularly.

Azure - Windows 10 Enterprise for Virtual Desktops & Azure

Today I would like to share some information about Virtual Desktop feature provided by Microsoft through Azure.

For the moment I did not have time to better eviscerate this environment but it is an interesting alternative to VDI managed through RDS Microsoft feature or Citrix as well.

Windows Virtual Desktop Essentials | Intro and full tour

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-desktop/overview

With Windows 10 Enterprise 1809 (2018 November update) release (*) there is an installation way that permit to use same O.S. from more user connected via RDP protocol.

(*) Properly licences are required:

 About more details:

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/blog/2019/03/21/windows-virtual-desktop-public-preview/

https://www.nicolaferrini.it/ita/blog/1268-windows-10-enterprise-per-virtual-desktops.html

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Here it is an old blog post related Windows 10 keyboard shortcut to switch between virtual desktops:

Tips - Win 10 e virtual desktop

Hacker - How to find local Wireless Password

If you have necessity to find Wi-Fi password stored on your windows device (mainly Windows 10) there are several ways to obtain this result:

METHOD 1

  1. start --> cmd with administrative rights
  2. C:\WINDOWS\system32> wlan show profiles

    identify WiFi profile name shown for which you need password
    xxxx
  3. C:\WINDOWS\system32> NETSH wlan show profiles xxxx key=clear

    Password will be displayed in this section

    Security settings --> Key Content
METHOD 2
  1. You should download and launch, with administrative rights, this application
    WirelessKeyView
  2. Usage is very simple and shown on producer web site

METHOD 3

  1. On Windows 10 click on start --> windows logo on icon '⚙' --> "Network & Internet" -->  'Manage known networks'
  2. Once you click,  all of your saved WiFi names will be shown and listed in a new window.

METHOD 4 (work only on wifi where you are connected to)

  1. start --> ncpa.cpl with administrative rights --> Network and Sharing Center --> Connections: Wi-Fi
  2. From the 'General' tab, click on 'Wireless Properties'.
  3. Now from the 'Security' tab, you will see saved WiFi password.
  4. You must tick on 'Show characters' to view the password.


Tips - How to execute shortcut with Administrative rights

If you have to launch a shortcut (referring to an application) with Administrative rights you could proceed in this way:

  1. Enable UAC. (without UAC you have to create a proper scheduled task that execute program with Administrative rights)
  2. Enable Administrator local account and define password.
  3. Create a New desktop shortcut including below text (be aware changing clientname, Administrator, and x:\yyy\zzz.exe) with your details:
    runas /user:ClientName\Administrator /savecred “x:\yyy\zzz.exe



[referral Articles]

Avviare programmi come admin senza password

Auto login su macchina windows già appartenente a dominio

Create Administrator Mode Shortcuts Without UAC Prompts in Windows 7 or Vista

How To Create a Shortcut That Lets a Standard User Run An Application as Administrator